CSS Working Group (CSS WG)

CSS Working Group in 2010

The CSS Working Group (CSS WG) is a working group created by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) in 1997 to tackle issues that had not been addressed with CSS level 1. The number of members exceeded 400 in 2015. The CSS WG is co-chaired by Daniel Glazman and Peter Linss.

1 History
2 Members
3 Benefits for members

Daniel Glazman – Pushing CSS to new frontiers (2015 December 4th in Paris). CSS has focused a lot on layout issues and less on APIs or expanding its domain of use. After many years spent co-chairing the CSS Working Group, Daniel argues that it is time to fix that issue:

CSS Working Group History

The first CSS test suit (CSS1) was created by Eric A. Meyer, Håkon Wium Lie and Tim Boland along with other contributors. In early 1996 Lie cooperated with Bert Bos, who was already developing a new browser language called SPP, and produced CSS standard. They presented their achievements twice in 1994 and in 1996 at the “Mosaic and the Web” conferences in Chicago. W3C was being established by that time and Lie’s and Bos’s work caught their attention.

Several important historical facts and moments:

  • CSS level 1 finally emerged as a W3C Recommendation in December 1996;
  • The same group working on CSS was also developing HTML and DOM. This group called “HTML Editorial Review Board” and in 1997 was divided according to the three different programs;
  • Chris Lilley managed the CSS working group, which in February 1997 started working inside W3C, deal with the issues uncovered by the CSS1;
  • In late 1998 the CSS level 2 was released, while it was revised in 1999;
  • By 1999 there are 15 members working in “Cascading Style Sheets and Formatting Properties Working Group”;
  • The construction of the third level of CSS started in 1999, but until 2006 it faced serious limitations;
  • In 2005 the CSS WG decided that already published standards (CSS 2.1, CSS3 text etc.) should be re-examined and updated.

CSS Working Group members – who are they?

Members of the CSS Working Group include representatives from the following organizations:

  • Adobe Systems;
  • Antenna House;
  • Apple;
  • Beyond Perspective Solutions;
  • Bloomberg;
  • Disruptive Innovations;
  • ETRI;
  • Google;
  • Hachette Livre;
  • HP;
  • jQuery Foundation;
  • Qihoo 360 Technology;
  • IBM Corporation;
  • Intel Corporation;
  • LG Electronics;
  • Microsoft;
  • Mitsubishi Electric;
  • Mozilla;
  • Nippon Telegraph & Telephone (NTT);
  • Opera Software;
  • Pearson;
  • Rakuten;
  • Samsung Electronics;
  • Sikos Web Consulting;
  • Skynav;
  • Tencent;
  • The Paciello Group;
  • Vivliostyle.

W3C has also invited a few experts to collaborate with the CSS Working Group:

  • Anton Prowse;
  • Brad Kemper;
  • Dael Jackson;
  • Elika Etemad;
  • Geoffrey Sneddon;
  • Jirka Kosek;
  • John Daggett;
  • Lea Verou;
  • Rachel Andrew;
  • Rachel Nabors.

There are a few W3C Staff members also participating in the CSS Working Group:

  • Bert Bos;
  • Chris Lilley;
  • Liam Quin;
  • Philippe Le Hégaret;
  • Richard Ishida;
  • Thierry Michel.

Benefits for CSS WG members – not so bad

CSS working group members belong to the broader organization W3C. This membership offers to them four important benefits:

  • Interaction. The opportunity to interact and work directly with the leading companies, organizations, and individuals in the Web world.
  • Strategy. The ability to provide strategic direction to the CSS Working Group through review of W3C Activity proposals and operational policies.
  • Participation. Participation in CSS Working Group shaping the technologies that enable businesses and their customers.
  • Leadership. Demonstrate technical leadership through a commitment to ensure the vitality of the Open Web Platform.